Any kind of computers, Laptops, Batteries for laptop, Servers , monitors, printers, hard disk, ram, ups, cabinet, keyboards, mouse, Broad-band, ADSL routers, speakers, pen drives, modems, CD, DVD, TV cards, Graphic cards, headphones and other related (desktop & laptop) accessories.

Surya Prasad Dhakal
Putalisadak, Kathmandu,Nepal
Contact no :- +977 - 01 - 4245403, 9851144530

Entertainment...............( मनोरन्जन )

TV Channels...

Sagarmatha TV(Live), Image Channel, Chhanel Nepal, Nepal One, Kantipur TV, Nepal Telivision, AVNews, ABC TV, Himalaya Telivision, Terai TV, News 24 TV,

News ....,, Himalayan Times,, Nepal Horizons, Nepali Times, Telegraph, Nepal News, Gorkhapatra, Rajdhani, Nagarik, My Republica, Mahanagar, Naya Patrika, Annapurnapost, Kantipur in English

Big News Network, Birmarsha, Budhabar (Kathmandu), Business Manager, CBC News, Cyber Nepal, Deshantar (Kathmandu), Dishanirdesh (Kathmandu), Dristi(Kathmandu), EIN News, Gatibidhi, Himalayan Travel Trade Journal, HimoNews,Image Channel, Independent, Inside Nepal, Jana Aastha (Kathmandu), Janadharana (Kathmandu), Kamana, Kosheli (Kathmandu), Moreover, Nepal/Bhutan News, Nepal News Headlines, Nepal Samachaparta (Kathmandu), Nepal Traveller, Nepal News, Nepal Now, Nepali Post , in Nepali, New Business Age, Newslook, NewsTrove, Nispakshya, OneWorld, Parewa News, People’s Review Weekly (Kathmandu), Rajdhani (Kathmandu), The Rising Nepal (Kathmandu), RSS Nepal National News Agency, Samachar Patra, Sandhya Times (Kathmandu), Saptahik Weekly, Satyagraha, Spotlight (Kathmandu), Sunday Post (Kathmandu), Tasapaw (Kathmandu), Topix, Travellers’ Nepal, Washington Post Nepal News, Wave (Kathmandu)

FM Radios

Annapurna FM 93.4 MHz - Radio Andhikhola 105.4 MHz - Radio ABC 89.8 MHz - Baglung FM 96.4 MHz - BBC Nepali Sewa - B FM 91.2 MHz - Bhorukawa FM 92.8 MHz - Bhojpuriya FM 92.8 MHz - Big FM 101.2 MHz - Butwal FM 94.4 MHz - Radio Bhanubhakta 104.2 MHz - Radio Bihani 97.6 MHz - Radio Buddha Awaaz 89.6 MHz - Capital FM 92.4 MHz - Citizen FM 94 MHz - Classic FM 101.2 MHz - Dhawalagiri FM 98.6 MHz - Dinesh FM 93.8 MHz - Radio Dhrubatara 89.8 MHz - - Radio Darpan 88.4 MHz - Radio Dhading 106 MHz - Radio Didi Bahini 95.2 MHz - Radio Gorkha 92.8 MHz - Radio Ganatantra Rapti FM 95.1 MHz - Radio Gandaki 90.2 MHz - Godavari FM 87.9 MHz - Hamro Malika FM 107 MHz - Hits FM 91.2 MHz - Image FM 97.9 MHz - Indreni FM 97.6 MHz - Ilam FM 93 MHz - Radio Jaljala 104.5 MHz - Kantipur FM 96.1 MHz - Kalika FM 95.2 MHz - Radio Lamjung 88.4 MHz - Radio Loktantra 89.4 MHz - Maitri FM 99.4 MHz - Mero Khabar Online Radio - Radio Manakamana 102.4 MHz - Radio Mahakali 96.2 MHz - Community Radio Marsyangdi 95 MHz - Radio Madhesh 89.3 MHz - Radio Madhesh 106.6 MHz - Radio Madhyapaschim 91.4 MHz - Radio Mangsebung - Mero Sathi FM 107.2 MHz - Nepal FM 91.8 MHz - Namaste FM 107.2 MHz - Nuwakot FM 106.8 MHz - Nepaliko Radio 88.8 MHz - Radio Nepalbani 94.9 MHz - Community Radio Nunthar 102.6 MHz - Radio Okhaldhunga 105.6 MHz - Pathibhara FM 93.6 MHz - Radio Prakriti 93.4 MHz - Pokhara FM 95.8 MHz - Radio Rolpa 93.8 MHz - Radio Audio 106.3 MHz - Radio Rudraksha 103.4 MHz - Rautahat FM 90.8 MHz - Radio Rapti 104.8 MHz - Saptakoshi FM 90 MHz - Radio Sunrise 105.9 MHz - Star FM 95.6 MHz, Dharan - Star FM 95.2 MHz, Kathmandu - Radio Suseli 106.3 MHz - Shreenagar FM 93.2 MHz - Radio Sunakhari 102.6 MHz - Sumhatlung FM 104.2 MHz - Saptarangi FM 101.6 MHz - Synergy FM 91.6 MHz - Singhalila FM 97.3 MHz - Radio Sagarmatha 102.4 MHz - Saugaat FM 103.6 MHz - Radio Sarada 99.2 MHz - Community Radio Sarlahi 105.6 MHz - Radio Safalta 103.4 MHz - Times FM 90.6 MHz - Tribeni FM 94.4 MHz - Radio Tulsipur FM 100.2 MHz - Radio Taplejung 94 MHz - Radio Taranga 107.6 MHz - Radio Tanahun 97.2 MHz - Radio Tamor 102 MHz - Ujyaalo FM 90 MHz - Vijaypur FM 98.8 MHz - Community Radio Waling 89.2 MHz

View Nepali Sabdakosh

फेसबुकमा नेपालीमा टाईपगर्नु परेमा यहाँ क्लिक गर्नुहो (पहिला रोमन मा टाईप गर्नुहोस् र कपि पेस्ट गर्नुहोस्)


Sunday, December 1, 2013

Training courses for Outlook 2013

Training courses for Outlook 2013


Calendar basics
Watch these videos to get familiar with the calendar in Outlook 2013. You can keep things simple, or use Outlook to manage complex meetings and schedules.
Download | Watch online
Recall and replace sent messages
You send an email message, and then you start to have second thoughts. In Outlook 2013, you can recall or replace email that you've sent. Or you can resend an email to try to repair the damage. Here's how it works.
Download | Watch online
Send automatic replies when you’re out of the office
Set up automatic replies, set a time range, use rules to manage your inbox while you’re out, and create different out-of-office messages for different groups, with or without a Microsoft Exchange account.
Download | Watch online
The ins and outs of BCC
If you want to hide the names and addresses of recipients in an email, you can use Bcc, which stands for “blind carbon copy”. Here's how it works.
Download | Watch online
Use Instant Search to find messages and text
Use instant search to find email messages containing text that you specify, or that meet criteria such as sender, recipient, or time sent.
Download | Watch online
Add holidays to your calendar
Add holidays for the country that you want to appear on the Outlook calendar.
Download | Watch online
Create or delete a search folder
Create search folders to find messages across folders, based on their content or some other significant attribute (like who they're from). Or delete search folders.
Download | Watch online
Make the switch to Outlook 2013
Watch these videos to make the switch to Outlook 2013. Get started with the new version to see how to do everyday tasks.
Download | Watch online
Reach out with contact groups (distribution lists)
If you often send email to the same group of people, you can save time by using a distribution list, which is called a contact group in Outlook. Instead of typing out everyone’s address whenever you email the group, just type the name of the contact group. Here’s how to create one.
Download | Watch online
Send or delete an email stuck in your outbox
Send mail stuck in your Outbox, or delete it. The usual cause for stuck mail is a large attachment. Take this course to learn how to send or delete stuck mail.
Download | Watch online
Take calendars to the next level
An appointment doesn’t have to be an appointment; it can be any block of time you need to remember. And a meeting can be any block of time that involves coordinating a group of people. Take this course to learn how to take Outlook calendars to the next level by thinking conceptually about them.
Download | Watch online
Track email with read receipts
In Outlook 2013, you can request delivery and read receipts when you send a message. Why? To make sure the recipients get it and open it, if you're not sure about the email address or if the recipients check their email, or maybe you'd just like to know the message got through. Whatever the case, adding a request is easy to do.
Download | Watch online
Password protect your mailbox
With Outlook and Windows, multiple people can protect their email on one shared computer. First, there’s sharing at work and home. In this scenario, people can protect their email with their own password-protected Windows user accounts. The second scenario is sharing a public computer, where the best way to protect your email is by using the Outlook Web App or some other browser-based email app.
Download |  Watch online

Tuesday, August 6, 2013

Training courses for Word 2013

  Training courses for Microsoft Word 2013



Create your first Word 2013 document
Watch these videos to learn how to use Word 2013. Get started with the new version to see how to do everyday tasks.
Download | Watch online
Custom margins in Word 2013
Watch these tutorial videos to learn how to set a custom margin, and a default margin in Word 2013. Plus, learn how to change the margins of your headers and footers.
Download | Watch online
Introduction to Tables of Contents (TOCs)
You create a table of contents (TOC) by applying heading styles — for example, Heading 1, Heading 2, and Heading 3 — to the text that you want to include in the table of contents. Word 2013 searches for those headings and then inserts the table of contents into your document. Then you can automatically update your TOC if you make changes in your document.
Download | Watch online
Track changes
Track changes records every edit without making anything permanent. You can move, copy, delete and insert text, change formatting, even change pictures and insert objects. And the person who sent you the document can see the changes you made and decide whether to accept or reject them. Or you can do the same when others make changes to your document.
Download | Watch online
Work with word counts in your document
Watch this video to learn how to track the word count in your document as you work. And if you need to print your document, learn how to insert and update the word count in to the body of your document.
Download | Watch online
Create labels
Take this course to learn how to print full pages of labels or a single label, and to use mail merge to create a sheet of address labels from your mailing list for mass mailings.
Download | Watch online
Make the switch to Word 2013
Watch these videos to make the switch to Word 2013. Get started with the new version to see how to do everyday tasks.
Download | Watch online
Take tables of contents (TOCs) to the next level
In this course we’ll go to the next level and create a custom automatic table of contents, and then add our own formatting.
Download | Watch online
Working with watermarks
Watermarks are text or pictures that appear on the background of a document, typically on every page. You can use watermarks for a number of things, such as identification or branding (like a company logo), for security or legal purposes, or simply as a design or decorative element.
Download | Watch online
Advanced tables of contents
In this course, we’ll use some advanced techniques to create a custom TOC, in which you have complete control over the contents.
Download | Watch online
Collapsible headings
Collapsible headings can make it easier to read and quickly organize a document. When readers open the document, they can use the collapsed headings like a table of contents - choose the section they want to read and click the triangle next to it to expand it.
Download | Watch online
Mail merge
Use mail merge to create mass mailings that you individualize for each recipient. You can add individual elements to any part of a label, letter, envelope, or email, from the greeting to the entire document, even images. Word automatically fills in the fields with recipient information and generates all the individual documents. In this course we’ll start with email, then move on to letters and envelopes.
Download | Watch online

Wednesday, November 7, 2012

List of features removed in Windows 8

Windows 8 is the successor to Windows 7 in Microsoft's Windows line of operating systems. Several features which were present in Windows 7 are no longer present in Windows 8.
    1.     Shell
     The Start button has been removed, although it is still accessible as a hotspot in the lower left corner of the screen, via the Windows key, and on the charms menu.
     Aero Flip 3D has been removed. Win+Tab now activates an app switcher only for Metro-style apps.
     The Start menu has been removed in favour of a full screen interface called the Start screen.
ü  Start screen lacks the global "Recent Documents" menu.
ü  Start screen lacks the automatically filling by usage tracking "Most Frequently Used" (MFU) programs list, each with its "Recent Documents" menu.
     The Aero Glass theme, which has been featured in Windows Vista and Windows 7 has been removed from Windows 8 in favour of a Metro-style theme.
     Windows Desktop Gadgets which has been featured in Windows Vista and Windows 7 has been removed from Windows 8.
     The User Log on/Log off sounds have been removed. The startup sound remains but is disabled by default.
     The Windows Classic theme has been removed. High Contrast mode has been modified to accommodate.
   2.     File Explorer
     The command bar is no longer present, and has been replaced by a new Ribbon UI.
     Games such as Chess Titans have been removed. However some of them are now available on the Windows Store.
     Shortcuts to the Games Explorer have been removed. It can still be accessed by manually creating a shortcut.
   3.     Networking
     For dial-up connection (DUN), some of the options under Redialing options such as "Redial attempts" and "Redial if line is dropped" is no longer available. Although dial-up using PSTN telephone line is becoming increasingly rare, this could affect users that still use DUN to connect to 2G/3G/3.5G mobile network and also DSL subscribers that use Windows' PPPoE dialer.
     The Manage wireless networks under Network and Sharing Center is no longer available, although a similar function is still available through netsh command (netsh wlan).
     Similarly, creating an ad-hoc wireless connection ("Set up a new connection or network" > "Set up a wireless ad hoc") is no longer available through the GUI; users need to use the same netsh command or third-party utility such as Connectify.
   4.     Media features
     Windows Media Center will no longer be included by default in any version of Windows 8, but is available as a free add-on for Windows 8 Pro until 31 January 2013.
     Windows Media Player will no longer include codecs to play DVDs, but DVDs will be playable if the Windows Media Center add-on is installed.
     Windows Media Center cannot run on start up or on top of other windows because of “new Windows OS requirements and behaviors”.
     Windows DVD Maker has been removed.
     Windows Media Player no longer has the Media Guide.
   5.     Standards compliance
     The POSIX subsystem, SUA, has been deprecated and will be removed from the next release  of Windows.
   6.     Other
     Backup and Restore has been renamed Windows 7 File Recovery in favor of the new feature called File History.
     The Blue Screen of Death no longer shows as much technical information about the error that caused the computer to stop.
     Windows CardSpace has been removed in favor of the new feature U-Prove.
     The Parental Controls feature present in earlier versions of Windows has been removed and replaced by the Family Safety feature.
     Chkdsk only shows a percentage when running at start up.
     Windows Defender no longer has a scheduling feature. During a scan, the currently processed item isn't showed anymore.
     Windows XP Mode is not supported; Hyper-V is only available for processors with SLAT
     There is no longer default user account pictures bundled with the system. User account pictures can be copied over from Windows 7, but will need to be placed in user pictures folder (%UserProfile%\Pictures) to be able to set them as account picture in PC Settings.
     Most of the sounds which were present in Windows 7 were removed.
     There is no longer an option for allowing the user to disable touch as an input device, though the driver can be disabled manually.

List of features new to Windows 8

Windows 8 includes new features, including native USB 3.0 support, Microsoft account integration, Windows Store, the ability to boot from USB Flash drives with Windows To Go, and easier system restore options, among others.

   1.     Development platform
    * Language and standards support
Windows 8 allows the use of a new platform, the Windows Runtime (WinRT), to create a new type of application that runs in a secure sandbox, and facilitate easier sharing of data between them, or snap to the side of a widescreen display for multi-tasking. WinRT, being a COM-based API, allows for the use of various programming languages to code apps, including C++, C++/CX, C#, Visual Basic .NET, or HTML5 and JavaScript.
The new platform is primarily designed for 16:9 aspect ratio screens, with 1366×768 and larger resolution screens able to display no more than two applications side-by-side by "snapping". 1024×768 screens can display one application in full-screen, and 1024×600 screens can only use the traditional desktop applications.
Previously referred to as "Metro-style apps", connecting it to Windows 8's use of an interface following the Metro design language as its primary desktop, reports surfaced that Microsoft employees were told to stop using the term due to potential trademark issues with the German company Metro AG. A Microsoft spokesperson however, denied these reports and stated that "Metro-style" was merely a codename for the new application platform.
Windows 8 also introduces APIs to support near field communication (NFC) on Windows 8 devices, allowing functionality like launching URLs/applications and sharing of information between devices via NFC.
    * Windows Store
Windows Store is a digital distribution platform built into Windows 8, which in a manner similar to Apple's App Store and Google Play, allows for the distribution and purchase of apps designed for Windows 8. Developers will still be able to advertise desktop software through Windows Store as well. To ensure that they are secure and of a high quality, Windows Store will be the only means of distributing WinRT-based apps for consumer-oriented versions of Windows 8
   2.     Shell and user interface
Windows 8's lock screen, The "Music" app snapped to the side of the Desktop,  Windows 8 displaying the multi-monitor taskbar (in "Duplicated on all taskbars" mode)
Windows 8 features an extensively redesigned user interface incorporating a design language codenamed "Metro", optimized for touchscreens as well as mice and keyboards. A new "Start screen", similar to the one in Windows Phone, includes live application tiles. The start screen replaces the Start menu, being triggered by the Windows key, clicking a hot corner in bottom left (replacing the Start button), and is also the first screen shown on startup. The user can go to the regular desktop via a tile on the Start screen, or by launching a desktop application.
The interface also incorporates a new menu bar on the right side of the screen known as the "Charms bar", which can be accessed from any app or the desktop by sliding from the right edge of a touchscreen or compatible track pad, pointing in one of the right corners of the screen, or pressing Win+C. The Charms bar includes functionality for search, sharing, accessing the Start screen, managing devices, and settings; all of which can be directly integrated with apps.
New apps for Windows 8 run in a full-screen layout by default. On displays with a widescreen resolution, apps can be snapped to the side of the screen, allowing multi-tasking to an extent.
    * User login
Windows 8 features a new lock screen, which includes a date and time display, along with the ability to display notifications from apps. Two new login methods optimized for touch screens are also available, including a four-digit PIN, or a "picture password"; which users allow the use of certain gestures performed on a selected picture to login. These gestures will take into account the shape, the start and end points, as well as the directionality. However, the shapes and gestures are limited to tapping and tracing a line or circle. Microsoft found that limiting the gestures improved the speed of sign-ins by three times compared to allowing freeform methods. Wrong gestures will always deny a login, and it will lock out the PC after five unsuccessful attempts, until a text password is provided.
    * Microsoft account integration
User accounts can be linked to a Microsoft account to provide additional functionality, such as the synchronization of user data, and integration with other Microsoft services such as Xbox Live, Xbox Music, Xbox Video (for gaming and multimedia) and SkyDrive online storage.
    * Multi-monitor support
Windows 8 also includes improved support for multi-monitor configurations; the taskbar can now be shown on multiple displays, and each display can also show its own dedicated taskbar. Wallpapers can also be spanned across multiple displays, or each display can have its own separate wallpaper.
Metro applications do not support multi-monitor.
    * File Explorer
Windows Explorer, which has been renamed File Explorer, now incorporates a ribbon toolbar, designed to bring forward the most commonly used commands for easy access. The "Up" button (which advances the user back a level in the folder hierarchy) that was removed from Explorer after Windows XP has also been restored. Additionally, File Explorer features a redesigned preview pane that takes advantage of widescreen layouts. File Explorer also provides a built-in function for mounting ISO, IMG, and VHD files as virtual drives.
Progress windows for file operations have also been redesigned; offering the ability to show multiple operations at once, a graph for tracking transfer speeds, and the ability to pause and resume a file transfer. A new interface has also been introduced for managing file name collisions in a file operation, allowing users to easily control which conflicting files are copied.
     * Internet Explorer
Windows 8 ships with Internet Explorer 10, which can run as either a desktop program (where it operates similarly to Internet Explorer 9), or as an app with a new full-screen interface optimized for use on touchscreens. Internet Explorer 10 also contains an integrated version of Flash Player, which will be available in full on the desktop, and in a limited form within the "Metro" app.
    * Task Manager
Windows 8 includes an overhauled version of Windows Task Manager where the following changes were made:
  The tabs are hidden by default. This view only shows applications
  Resource utilization in the Processes tab is shown using a heat map, with darker shades of  yellow representing heavier use.
The Performance tab is split into CPU, memory, disk, Ethernet, and wireless network (if applicable) sections. There are overall graphs for each, and clicking on one reaches details for that particular resource
   * The CPU tab no longer displays individual graphs for every logical processor on the system by default. It now can show data for each NUMA node
   *  The CPU tab now displays simple percentages on heat-mapping tiles to display utilization for systems with many (64 or more, up to 640) logical processors. The color used for these heat maps is blue, with darker color again indicating heavier utilization
   *  Hovering the cursor over any logical processor's data now shows the NUMA node of that processor and its ID
A new Startup tab has been added that lists startup applications and their impact on boot time
The Processes tab now lists application names, application status, and overall usage data for CPU, memory, hard disk, and network resources for each process
   *  The new task manager recognizes when a WinRT application is in "Suspended" status
   *  The normal process information found in the older Task Manager can be found in the new Details tab
    *  Family Safety
Family Safety will no longer be separate install via Windows Live; it will allow Administrators to monitor and restrict user activity via web filtering, application restriction, and computer usage time limits.
   3.     Infrastructure
    * File History
File History, a function similar to Mac OS X's Time Machine, replaces the "Previous Versions" and Backup and Restore features on Windows 8.  File History automatically creates incremental backups of files stored in Libraries and user-specified folders to an external storage device (such as a secondary hard drive, Storage Space, or network share). Users can then track and restore specific revisions of files using the "History" functions in File Explorer. Unlike Shadow Copy, which performs block level tracking of files, File History only utilizes the USN Journal to track changes, and simply copies new versions of files to the backup location.
·   * Hardware support
Windows 8 adds native support for USB 3.0, which allows for faster data transfers and improved power management with compatible devices.
A port of Windows for the ARM architecture was also created for Windows 8. Known as Windows RT, it is specifically optimized for mobile devices such as tablets. Windows RT will only be able to run third-party Windows Store apps, and will also come with a special version of Office 2013 optimized to run with better efficiency on ARM-based systems.
    * Installation
A new installer known as the Upgrade Assistant is offered, which is intended to provide a simpler and faster process for upgrading to Windows 8 from previous versions. Along with performing the installation, it also integrates compatibility checks, assists in the transfer of files and settings, downloads the operating system for those who have purchased it online, and allows the user to generate installation media on a DVD or USB drive.
The WinPE-based installer from Windows 7 is still used for those who start the installation by booting from installation media; it is intended for more advanced installations (such as a clean install) or network deployments of Windows 8.
     * Networking
Windows 8 incorporates improved support for mobile broadband as a "first-class" method of internet connectivity. Upon the insertion of a SIM card, the operating system will automatically determine the user's carrier and configure relevant connection settings using an Access Point Name database, The operating system can also monitor mobile data usage, and changes its behavior accordingly to reduce bandwidth use on metered networks. Carriers can also offer their own dedicated Windows Store apps for account management, which can also be installed automatically as a part of the connection process. This functionality was demonstrated with an AT&T app, which could also display monthly data usage statistics on its live tile. Windows 8 also reduces the need for third-party drivers and software to implement mobile broadband by providing a generic driver, and by providing an integrated airplane mode option.
     * Startup
Windows 8 defaults to a "hybrid boot" mode; when the operating system is shut down, it hibernates the kernel, allowing for a faster boot on the subsequent startup. This is further compounded with support for multiple cores during bootup. On compatible systems, a manufacturer's splash can now be maintained on-screen following the Power-on self-test, allowing for a seamless transition between control from the firmware to Windows.
As the increased boot speed of devices with UEFI can make it difficult to access these functions using keyboard shortcuts, the Advanced Startup menu can now also be launched from within Windows using either the PC Settings app, holding down Shift while clicking the Restart button, or by using the new "-o" switch on shutdown.exe.
     * Repair and recovery
Windows 8 can now detect when a system is experiencing issues that have been preventing the system from functioning correctly, and automatically launch the Advanced Startup menu to access diagnostic and repair functions.

Windows 8 also adds Refresh and Reset options, which allow a user to re-install Windows without needing to use installation media; both of these options reboot the system into the Windows Recovery Environment to perform the requested operation. Refresh preserves user profiles, settings, and apps, while Reset reformats the system partition and re-installs the operating system entirely. The reset function may also perform specialized disk wiping procedures for added security. Both operations will remove all installed desktop applications from the system. Users can also create a custom disk image for use with Refresh and Reset.
     * Security
Windows 8 ships with an updated version of Windows Defender. Now based on Microsoft Security Essentials, it adds virus protection capabilities to the software alongside malware protection. Windows Defender will automatically disable itself if it detects that third-party security software has been installed, and is designed to only remain active if no antivirus software is currently installed, or it detects that an antivirus program's subscription has expired. windows 8 comes with inbuilt security ,like as windows defender.

Windows 8 also supports the secure boot mechanism on supported UEFI systems. It uses a public-key infrastructure process to verify the integrity of the Windows boot loader—preventing malware from infecting the system before the operating system loads.
     * Video subsystem
Windows 8 includes WDDM 1.2 and DirectX Graphics Infrastructure (DXGI) 1.2. The Desktop Window Manager now runs at all times (even on systems with unsupported graphics cards; where DWM now also supports software rendering), and now also includes support for stereoscopic 3D content.
Other major features include preemptive multitasking with finer granularity (DMA buffer, primitive, triangle, pixel, or instruction-level), reduced memory footprint, improved resource sharing, and faster timeout detection and recovery. 16-bit color surface formats (565, 5551, 4444) are mandatory in Windows 8, and Direct3D 11 Video supports YUV 4:4:4/4:2:2/4:2:0/4:1:1 video formats with 8, 10, and 16-bit precision, as well as 4 and 8-bit paletted formats.
     * Windows To Go
 Bootable Windows To Go USB flash drive
Windows To Go is a Windows 8 Enterprise feature that allows users to create a bootable USB Flash drive (usually called a Live USB) with Windows 8 in it, including the user's programs, settings, and files.
   4.     Virtualization
    *   Hyper-V
Previously offered only in Windows Server, Hyper-V, a native hypervisor is now included in Windows 8 Pro, replacing Windows Virtual PC, a hosted hypervisor.
Storage Spaces
Storage Spaces is a storage virtualization technology which succeeds Logical Disk Manager and allows the organization of physical disks into logical volumes similar to Logical Volume Manager (Linux), RAID1 or RAID5, but at a higher abstraction level.
A storage space behaves like a physical disk to the user, with thin provisioning of available disk space. The spaces are organized within a storage pool, i.e. a collection of physical disks, that can span multiple disks of different sizes, performance or technology (USB, SATA, SAS). The process of adding new disks or replacing failed or older disks is fully automatic, but can be controlled with PowerShell commands. The same storage pool can host multiple storage spaces. Storage Spaces have built-in resiliency from disk failures, which is achieved by either disk mirroring or striping with parity across the physical disks. Each storage pool on the ReFS file system is limited to 4 PB (4096 TB), but there are no limits on the total number of storage pools or the number of storage spaces within a pool.

Friday, September 14, 2012

Learn all About Microsoft Word 2010

Office 2010 Security - Protecting your files

In Microsoft Office 2010, when files open, Message Bars can alert you to useful information and potential problems with your files.
Security Message Bars provide the opportunity to consider the potential security risks that may be in your file, and then the ability to open or read the file while reducing the risks that can occur.

Course goals
•Understand what active content is, and how it’s used in your files and programs.
•Use the Enable Content button on the Message Bar to allow active content to run.
•Work with active content in the Microsoft Office Backstage view.
•Learn about trusted documents.

For Details please click this


Network Topologies

· Bus - This topology is an old one and essentially has each of the computers on the network daisy-chained to each other. This type of network is usually peer-to-peer and uses Thinnet (10base2) cabling. It is configured by connecting a "T-connector" to the network adapter and then connecting cables to the T-connectors on the computers on the right and left. At both ends of the chain, the network must be terminated with a 50 ohm impedance terminator. If a failure occurs with a host, it will prevent the other computers from communicating with each other. Missing terminators or terminators with an incorrect impedance will also cause problems.

As you can see if computer #1 sends a packet to computer #4, it must pass through computers #2 and #3, creating excess traffic.
ADVANTAGES: Cheap, simple to set up.
: Excess network traffic, a failure may affect many users, problems are difficult to troubleshoot.

· Star - The star topology uses twisted pair (10baseT or 100baseT) cabling and requires that all devices are connected to a hub.

ADVANTAGES: centralized monitoring, failures do not affect others unless it is the hub, easy to modify.

DISADVANTAGES: If the hub fails then everything connected to it is down. This is like if you were to burn down the phone company's central office, then anyone connected to it wouldn't be able to make any phone calls.

· Ring - The ring topology looks the same as the star, except that it uses special hubs and ethernet adapters. The ring topology is used with Token Ring networks.
ADVANTAGES: Equal access.
DISADVANTAGES: Difficult to troubleshoot, network changes affect many users, failures affect many users.

· Hybrid - Hybrid topologies are combinations of the above and are common on very large networks. For example, a star bus network has hubs connected in a row (like a bus network) and has computers connected to each hub as in the star topology.

· Mesh - In a true mesh topology every node has a connection to every other node in the network. A full mesh network can be very expensive, but provides redundancy in case of a failure between links.

· Wireless - As the name implies, wireless networks allow computers to comunicate without the use of cables. IEEE 802.11b defines two pieces of equipment, a wireless station, which is usually a PC or a Laptop with a wireless network interface card (NIC), and an Access Point (AP),which acts as a bridge between the wireless stations and Distribution System (DS) or wired networks. An 802.11b wireless network adapter can operate in two modes, Ad-Hoc and Infrastructure. In infrastructure mode, all your traffic passes through a wireless ‘access point’. In Ad-hoc mode your computers talk directly to each other and do not need an access point at all. 802.11b delivers data throughput of 11 Mbps.
ADVANTAGES: World-wide acceptance. Ranges over 150 feet. Freedom to move about and no cables (obvious).
DISADVANTAGES: Susceptible to interference from objects such as microwave ovens and cordless phones

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